1. It describes chess as a sport.Many in the chess world consider it important that chess is recognized as a legitimate competitive sport along with athletic pastimes. The Simpsons episode supports this viewpoint.
- Chess is first introduced in the episode by Marge saying, "Maybe you should watch this sport instead" as she pulls Homer into a beachside chess park.
- Like many sports movies, the episode uses the game to explore the often complicated dynamics of father-son relationships. Homer's chess abilities are connected to his childhood experiences with his father. By the end of the episode, he resolves his issues with his father through the game.
- Watching a chess game is compared to watching the Super Bowl. While the people at Moe's bar watch Homer's chess match with his father, someone enters and asks, "Doesn't anyone want to watch the Super Bowl?" To which, Moe replies, "Get lost!"
2. It includes recognizable chess culture references.
- In Homer's game against Marge, he wins with a famous checkmate-in-three pattern inspired by the game Richard Reti vs. Savielly Tartakower in 1910.
Homer Simpson vs. Marge Simpson
White to move and mate in 3.
[pgn] [Site "?"] [Round "?"] [White "Homer Simpson"] [Black "Marge Simpson"] [Result "*"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "r1b1k2r/1pp2ppp/p3p3/8/1b2q2Q/P6P/1PPB2P1/2KR1B1R w kq - 0 0"] [PlyCount "5"]1. Qd8+ Kxd8 2. Bg5+ Ke8 3. Rd8# *[/pgn]
[pgn] [Site "Vienna 1910"] [Round "?"] [White "Reti, Richard"] [Black "Tartakower, Savielly"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "B15"] [PlyCount "21"] [EventDate "1910.??.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "45"] [EventCountry "AUT"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1998.11.10"]1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nf6 5. Qd3 e5 6. dxe5 Qa5+ 7. Bd2 Qxe5 8. O-O-O Nxe4 $2 9. Qd8+ $1 Kxd8 10. Bg5+ Kc7 (10... Ke8 11. Rd8#) 11. Bd8# 1-0[/pgn]Later in the episode, another Tartakower game is referenced and, again, he is on the losing side.
- Homer's final game against his father is a re-creation of the game: Botvinnik vs. Tartakower, Nottingham 1936.
[pgn][Site "Nottingham 1936"] [White "Botvinnik, Mikhail"] [Black "Tartakower, Savielly"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "A55"] [PlyCount "59"] [EventDate "1936.08.10"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "15"] [EventCountry "ENG"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1999.07.01"]1. Nf3 Nf6 2. c4 d6 3. d4 Nbd7 4. g3 e5 5. Bg2 Be7 6. O-O O-O 7. Nc3 c6 8. e4 Qc7 9. h3 Re8 10. Be3 Nf8 11. Rc1 h6 12. d5 Bd7 13. Nd2 g5 14. f4 gxf4 15. gxf4 Kg7 16. fxe5 dxe5 17. c5 cxd5 18. Nxd5 Qc6 19. Nc4 Ng6 20. Nd6 Be6 21. Nxe7 Nxe7 22. Rxf6 Kxf6 23. Qh5 Ng6 24. Nf5 Rg8 25. Qxh6 Bxa2 26. Rd1 Rad8 27. Qg5+ Ke6 28. Rxd8 f6 29. Rxg8 Nf4 30. Qg7 1-0[/pgn]Nottingham 1936 was one of the strongest tournaments of its time with all of the top eight players in the world competing, including five world champions Botvinnik, Capablanca, Alekhine, Lasker, and Euwe. The game, Botvinnik vs. Tartakower, won the brilliancy prize of the tournament. The clash between Homer and his father is a meaningful parallel to the clash between Botvinnik and Tartakower. Nottingham 1936 was one of Botvinnik's first great tournament victories (he tied for 1st along with Capablanca) while Tartakower was one of the classic masters of the hypermodern school of chess. Watching the expression of Homer's father throughout the game and how it changes when he realizes he's losing brings to mind a famous Tartakower quote:
"A Chess game is divided into three stages: the first, when you hope you have the advantage, the second when you believe you have an advantage, and the third... when you know you're going to lose!"
- One of the bar patrons playing against Homer in the simul tells him, "You're playing like Polugaevsky at Mar del Plata!"
3. It shows the spectator side of the game.While I've seen numerous mainstream movies and TV shows feature a chess game, I don't think I've seen any others that feature the spectator's perspective. While Homer plays his final match against his father, a crowd of spectators gather at Moe's Tavern and watch the game the way that most major tournaments are watched all over the world---on a screen. In addition, the scene blends classic and modern commentary styles---Moe shows the game, move by move, on a large demo board while Magnus Carlsen plays the role of on-screen commentator, evaluating each position for the crowd through a Skype connection. In his article, "Magnus Mentors Homer Simpson", Mike Klein even compares Moe's Tavern to the Kingside Diner, an eatery next door to the St. Louis Chess Club where chess spectators often gather to watch some of the top events in the country:
"Like the Kingside Diner in St. Louis, a crowd watches the game unfold to its dramatic conclusion... Carlsen commentates via Skype on the Simpson family battle, with Moe's Tavern being the replacement for the Kingside Diner."
4. It portrays serious study as essential to mastery.While there’s some debate in the chess community about how much talent factors into chess ability, there is no question that any amount of talent must be combined with study and hard work to achieve top results. Non-chess players, however, often have the misconception that chess ability is simply a reflection of natural brilliance. Homer's story in The Simpsons counters this common misconception. When Homer begins playing chess as a boy, he shows very little ability, losing to his father in the shortest game possible, the two move checkmate. Then, Homer seeks out a chess teacher to help him improve, and he begins taking lessons from a master of the game every day. Before Homer is ready to compete against his father, the passage of time is shown by Homer growing taller. This sequence shows that Homer's skill came from consistent study with an experienced player for an extended period of time. When Homer plays his father again, his father ends their game by saying, "We had a beautiful thing here, and you had to ruin it by getting good!"
5. It suggests that chess is becoming more popular.At one point in the episode, Homer and Marge attend the Springfield Chess Club, which has a sign outside that says, "Check for bullies when exiting," evoking the old stereotype of chess being an unpopular and unsocial pass time. When Homer and Marge leave the chess club, someone says, "Nerds! Get 'em!" and the two run away frantically.
By the end of the episode, however, a crowd of people at Moe's Tavern are enjoying watching Homer's match against his father, demonstrating a newfound popularity for the game. Spectators even take turns cheering for their favored player.
1. Magnus Carlsen's character is not very Carlsen-esque.Magnus Carlsen is one of the most interesting personalities in chess. From his chess achievements, including reaching the highest rating in human history, to his modeling career to his dramatic outbursts when he’s having an off day, his character stands out. Yet, The Simpsons didn’t use any of his actual personality when writing his character. Considering that his cameo in The Simpsons has been anticipated for months, this is a disappointment. If you watch the episode knowing no previous information about Magnus Carlsen, you learn nothing beyond the fact that he is the World Chess Champion and that he’s Norwegian (which is the focal point of nearly every joke in Carlsen’s dialogue). Carlsen’s cameo gave The Simpsons an opportunity to introduce general audiences to a different side of the chess world and its top players, but it wasn’t utilized.
2. There are a few errors in the chess content.
- Homer's checkmating move in the first game of the episode leaves his king in check.
- One of the game positions in Homer's simul is missing a king.
Position after Homer plays Nxb5:What's interesting is this position seems to be an attempt at a chess reference gone wrong. If you add Black's king, change one of White's queens into a bishop, and add the dark-squared bishops for each side, we have a position from one of the most famous games in history, Paul Morphy's Opera House Game:
[pgn][Event "?"] [Site "?"] [Date "????.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Morphy, Paul"] [Black "Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard"] [Result "*"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "rn2kb1r/p3qppp/2p2n2/1p2p1B1/2B1P3/1QN5/PPP2PPP/R3K2R w KQkq - 0 10"] [PlyCount "1"]10. Nxb5 $1 *[/pgn]
- Some of the boards are incorrectly oriented.