Five Days in Charlotte: The 2017 GM/IM Invitational

From March 29–April 2, the Charlotte Chess Center and Scholastic Academy (CCCSA) held its second GM/IM Norm Invitational tournament in the hopes of providing key opportunities for motivated chess masters to achieve one of the necessary “norms” on the path to becoming an International Master or Grandmaster. Last year’s edition of the event was successful, with Alex Velikanov earning his final IM norm, Michael Brown earning an IM norm, IM Safal Bora earning a GM norm, and Matthew Larson achieving the necessary rating gain to achieve his FM title.  As with most invitational norm round robins, the 2016 tournament had two 10-player groups: one for GM norms and one for IM norms. When CCCSA Director Peter Giannatos and I decided to try to maximize norm chances for the 2017 event, we came up with an unorthodox idea to hold three sections (GM norm group A, IM norm group B, IM norm group C).  The organizational hassle of inviting 30 players into three sections (each of which must conform to FIDE’s strict norm requirements) seemed daunting: if someone withdraws last minute from a swiss event, that is an easy fix – not the same for a round robin!  We were lucky that the interest for each invitation was high, and the tournament went off without a hitch.

American swiss tournament grinders are used to doing most of their opening preparation before each open event, having at most 30 minutes to prepare for specific opponents once pairings are posted.  Players also expect to have to amass a very large score to earn an IM or GM norm. Sometimes these title norms are not even valid – the open tournament landscape sometimes allows a player to have a very strong performance, only to be denied a norm due to playing too many lower-rated players, or not facing enough players from foreign federations. However, round robins allow the organizers to have full control over the field and thus fulfill FIDE’s norm regulations.  In addition, players at the Charlotte Invitational were happy to have two weeks to prepare for their specific opponents.  Every norm seeker knew exactly what score they would need to achieve the desired norm – this required score was 6.5/9 in most cases. Amongst the thirty players in the event, there were three GMs, ten IMs, one WIM, 8 FMs, and 7 other masters, for a total average rating of 2433 USCF and 2355 FIDE.  Our invitees had plenty of international experience – there were ten foreign federations represented, in addition to twelve states.  Five players have represented their countries at the chess Olympiad: GM Tanguy Ringoir (Belgium), GM Alonso Zapata (Colombia), IM Aman Hambleton (Canada), IM Roberto Martin del Campo (Mexico), and IM Felix Ynojosa Aponte (Venezuela).  FM Nikhil Kumar, who played in the GM norm group, is the current World Cadet U12 Champion (Batumi 2016).

World U12 Champion Nikhil Kumar (picture from Chess Life - March 2017)

In addition to GMs and IMs, the event had plenty of local masters in the field – there were six players from Atlanta (a four hour drive from Charlotte), and two from North Carolina.  Judging from their results, the local players played ambitiously and took full advantage of such a unique opportunity.

A Group

(GM Norm = 6.5/9)

In the A group, there were three GMs (Tanguy Ringoir, Alex Fishbein, and Alonso Zapata), four IMs, and three FMs.  Anyone who scored 6.5/9 would earn a GM norm, and IM norms were also available for the FMs.  Famous “YouTubers” IM John Bartholomew and IM Aman “Chessbrah” Hambleton were each vying for their second GM norms. Hambleton started off very strong, with 3/3.  Needing “plus one” from the remaining six rounds, Aman was not able to keep up his dominant performance, and ended in a tie for 3rd-5th with 4.5/9.

FM Alex Kalikshteyn vs IM Aman Hambleton

IM Michael Brown, who earned his second IM norm at CCCSA’s 2016 invitational and completed his IM title later that year, also had a great start with 3.5/4.  A couple of tough losses in the middle of the tournament reduced his norm chances, but after round 8, Michael had 5.5 points, meaning he would need to defeat the top seed (GM Ringoir) with Black to gain the norm.  Unfortunately, Michael was only able to draw, but with a post-event FIDE rating of 2489 and a 2570 FIDE performance, it is only a matter of time until he gains his first GM norm.  He finished in clear second place with 6/9. Here is his last round draw with Ringoir:

[pgn][Event "2017 CCCSA GM/IM Norm Invitational"] [Site "?"] [Date "2017.04.02"] [Round "9"] [White "GM TANGUY RINGOIR"] [Black "IM MICHAEL BROWN"] [Result "1/2-1/2"] [WhiteElo "2518"] [BlackElo "2478"] [PlyCount "127"] [EventDate "2017.??.??"]1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. g3 d5 4. Nf3 Nc6 5. Bg2 dxc4 6. Qa4 Bb4+ 7. Bd2 Nd5 8. Qb5 Bxd2+ 9. Nbxd2 c3 10. bxc3 Nxc3 11. Qd3 Nd5 12. O-O O-O 13. Rfc1 a5 14. Ne4 Nce7 15. Neg5 Nf6 16. e4 h6 17. e5 hxg5 18. Nxg5 Nf5 19. exf6 Qxf6 20. Ne4 Qe7 21. g4 Nd6 22. Rc5 Rd8 23. Rac1 c6 24. Ng5 g6 25. Qh3 f6 26. Nf3 Ne4 27. R5c2 Qh7 28. Nh4 g5 29. Qe3 Nd6 30. Nf3 Qe4 31. h3 Qxe3 32. fxe3 Bd7 33. Ne1 Kf7 34. Nd3 Ke7 35. a4 Be8 36. Nc5 Ra7 37. Nb3 Bg6 38. Rc5 Rda8 39. Nd2 Ra6 40. e4 Rb6 41. e5 fxe5 42. dxe5 Nf7 43. Nc4 Rb4 44. Nxa5 Be4 45. Bxe4 Rxe4 46. Nxb7 Nxe5 47. Na5 Nf3+ 48. Kg2 Nh4+ 49. Kg1 Re3 50. Nxc6+ Kd6 51. a5 Rxh3 52. R5c3 Rxc3 53. Rxc3 Ra6 54. Nd8 Kd5 55. Ra3 Ra7 56. a6 Ng6 57. Ra5+ Kd6 58. Rxg5 Nf4 59. Ra5 Kc7 60. Nb7 Kb6 61. Ra3 Rxa6 62. Rxa6+ Kxa6 63. Nc5+ Kb5 64. Nxe6 1/2-1/2[/pgn]
The story of the A section was clearly GM Tanguy Ringoir (FIDE 2518).  Last year, Ringoir scored a very solid, undefeated 5/9: 1 win and 8 draws.  This year, he also went undefeated, but scored 7.5/9 (6 wins, 3 draws!).  Despite a few equal and unclear positions during the event, the Belgian GM squeezed the maximum from each game, leading to a dominant score, 1.5 points ahead of second place.  In fact, Tanguy’s massive “+6” score eventually led only two players out of ten to finish on a plus score (Ringoir and Brown).  He was the only player in the A group to remain undefeated.

GM Tanguy Ringoir, winner of the A group

Check out GM Ringoir’s recap of his round 1 win against FM Alex Kalikshteyn: Tied for 3rd-5th place with 4.5/9 were the aforementioned IMs Hambleton and Bartholomew (who recovered nicely from a 0/2 start), in addition to FM Gauri Shankar from Chicago.  Shankar earned his fifth (!) IM norm and a healthy gain of 34 FIDE points, pushing him closer to the 2400 FIDE rating he will need to achieve to gain the IM title.

 B Group

(IM Norm = 6.5/9)

The first of the two IM norm groups had a fair balance of foreign IMs and American norm hunters, two of which returned home with an IM norm certificate.  The top seed, Georgian IM Zurab Javakhadze (2470), managed a reasonable 5.5/9 after losing two games, but he certainly can be happy about playing the “move of the tournament”, which he was happy to analyze in an interview with organizer Peter Giannatos:

Richard Francisco vs. IM Zurab Javakhadze

Black to move.

Show Solution

[pgn][Event "2017 CCCSA GM/IM Norm Invitational"] [Site "?"] [Date "2017.04.01"] [Round "6"] [White "RICHARD FRANCISCO"] [Black "IM ZURAB JAVAKHADZE"] [Result "0-1"] [WhiteElo "2253"] [BlackElo "2470"] [SetUp "1"] [FEN "1r6/5Qpk/7p/2p5/6qP/P1nP4/1P3B2/K3R3 b - - 0 33"] [PlyCount "7"] [EventDate "2017.??.??"]33... Qb4 $1 {"the only move to win" - see Javakhadze’s comments in his interview below} 34. Qa2 Ra8 35. Bxc5 Nxa2 36. Bxb4 Nxb4 0-1[/pgn] The tournament was won by Florida’s John Ludwig and North Carolina’s Tianqi “Steve” Wang, who both earned 6.5/9 and IM norms.  Ludwig was the only player in the B group who finished undefeated, yielding a very professional result with 4 wins and 5 draws.  He earns his first IM norm and pushes his FIDE rating over 2400, thus fulfilling two of the four requirements for the IM title.  He defeated his co-champion, Steve Wang, in round 6. Wang rebounded nicely, garnering the necessary wins in round 7 and 8.  His round 7 encounter with Black against the top seed may have been anticipated as a tough game in which a draw would be reasonable, but Wang outplayed IM Javakhadze in a very nice miniature.  Despite his FIDE rating of 2215, Steve earned his first IM norm.

[pgn][Event "2017 CCCSA GM/IM Norm Invitational"] [Site "?"] [Date "2017.04.01"] [Round "7"] [White "IM ZURAB JAVAKHADZE"] [Black "TIANQI WANG"] [Result "0-1"] [WhiteElo "2470"] [BlackElo "2215"] [PlyCount "48"] [EventDate "2017.??.??"]1. Nf3 d5 2. g3 Bf5 3. Bg2 e6 4. O-O Nf6 5. c4 Be7 6. Qb3 Na6 7. d4 Nb4 8. Na3 O-O 9. Bd2 a5 10. Rfc1 c6 11. c5 b6 12. cxb6 Qxb6 13. Nb1 c5 14. Be3 a4 15. Qd1 c4 16. Nc3 a3 17. b3 Nxa2 18. Nxa2 cxb3 19. Rab1 Bxb1 20. Rxb1 Rfb8 21. Nd2 bxa2 22. Rxb6 Rxb6 23. Qa1 Rb2 24. Nf1 Bb4 0-1[/pgn]

Organizer Peter Giannatos with Tianqi Wang and his IM norm certificate

Honorable mention certainly goes to FM David Brodsky, who started with a tough 1.0/4 result, thus mathematically eliminating him from norm contention, but then reeled off five wins to end on 6/9 and clear third place.

C Group

(IM norm = 6.5/9)

The last IM norm group certainly seemed like it would produce a norm.  Venezuelan IM Felix Ynojosa Aponte, who plays for the UTRGV Chess team, dominated the field with an undefeated 7/9.  However, Atlanta’s Benjamin Moon was consistently on his heels – Moon earned an undefeated 6 points out of the first 8 rounds, including draws with IM Titas Stremavicius and IM Aponte.  Needing only a draw in the last round against IM Angelo Young, Moon was unable to hold his position in a QGD Tarrasch Defense, and thus fell half a point short of the norm.  Benjamin’s consolation will have to be the FM title, as he crossed the FIDE 2300 rating mark after round 7. Moon discussed his round 5 encounter with Canadian FM Yuanchen Zhang in a King’s Indian Defense:

FM Yuanchen Zhang vs Benjamin Moon

[pgn][Event "2017 CCCSA GM/IM Norm Invitational"] [Site "?"] [Date "2017.03.31"] [Round "5"] [White "FM YUANCHEN ZHANG"] [Black "BENJAMIN BARRY MOON"] [Result "0-1"] [WhiteElo "2268"] [BlackElo "2254"] [PlyCount "76"] [EventDate "2017.??.??"]1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. e4 d6 5. f3 O-O 6. Be3 Nc6 7. Nge2 a6 8. Qd2 Bd7 9. g4 b5 10. h4 h5 11. g5 Ne8 12. c5 dxc5 13. dxc5 b4 14. Nd1 Ne5 15. Nd4 Bb5 16. Be2 Bxe2 17. Qxe2 Qd7 18. Nf2 Nc6 19. Nxc6 Qxc6 20. O-O Qe6 21. Nd3 a5 22. Nf4 Qe5 23. Rab1 c6 24. Qc4 Nc7 25. Kg2 Kh7 26. Rfd1 f5 27. gxf6 Qxf6 28. Rd7 g5 29. hxg5 Qxg5+ 30. Kf2 Qh4+ 31. Kg2 Be5 32. Rg1 Bxf4 33. Bxf4 Rxf4 34. Rh1 Qg5+ 35. Kf2 Rxf3+ 36. Ke1 Raf8 37. Rxc7 Re3+ 38. Kd1 Rd8+ 0-1[/pgn]
Overall, the event was a great success.  Three players (Gauri Shankar, John Ludwig, and Tianqi Wang) earned IM norms, and Benjamin Moon achieved the FM title on rating.  Both Moon and Michael Brown fell half a point short of their desired norms, and there were a few other players who were in the running for title norms going into the final day. Many others gained their first serious international experience in an invitational event.  Alexander Fishbein mentioned that even though he was a GM, this was the first round robin he had played in decades.  Players were very happy with the conditions and venue that the Charlotte Chess Center offered.  After each round, players enjoyed by playing blitz and by watching the US Championships on the TV in the chess center’s library (two of the players, GM Fishbein and IM David Vigorito, had competed in previous US Championships). Be sure to check out the Charlotte Chess Center Youtube Channel for plenty of post-game player interviews and blitz duels between the players.  We hope to be able to run more of these events in the future!  Interested players should contact the Charlotte Chess Center for invitation considerations. Special thanks to Peter Giannatos/Charlotte Chess Center for organizing the event and arbiters Thad Rogers, Grant Oen, and William Nash.  All games, standings, and pictures from the event are posted on, courtesy of Chacha Dejava. Grant Oen is the Assistant Director of the Charlotte Chess Center.  He also works for US Chess as the Manager of FIDE Ratings, FIDE & US Chess Titles and Certifications.  He can be contacted at